Situated along the banks of river Nile, the city of Luxor is home to numerous historic sites and is often referred as the World’s greatest open-air museum. From magnificent sculptures to mesmerising wall paintings and cravings, from a valley filled with tombs of kings to a museum that’s home to mummies and relics from the past, Luxor is one of the most significant historical and archaeological sites in the world. If you are planning a trip to Luxor to come face-to-face with the glorious history of Egypt, here are some places of historical importance to include in your itinerary.
Built during 1400 BC, the Luxor temple is one of the most important sites in Egypt. Dedicated to Egyptian goddess Amun, the temple complex features impressive architectural work and is absolutely worth a visit. The complex is home to huge sphinx statues, hieroglyph (Egyptian writing system) reliefs, obelisks, a large hall, courtyards surrounded by huge pillars, and more.
Valley of the Kings
A highly recommended place to visit in Luxor, the Valley of Kings is the resting ground of 65 Pharaohs (Egyptian kings), including the famous Tutankhamun, Ramses VI, and Ay. Although it’s barren, this historic landscape attracts a large number of tourists owing to its significance. While some of the tombs stay open for public, some are closed periodically for restoration purposes.
Karnak Temple Complex
A huge temple complex with a splendid collection of historical ruins, Karnak Temple Complex is home to structures that are 2,000 to 4,000 years old. A UNESCO world heritage site, the complex has a lot to explore like a number of temples, hieroglyphs, two obelisks, avenues of Sphinxes, and a lake. The daily sound and light show at the temple is also worth attending.
One of the most well-preserved historical sites in Luxor is the ancient Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III, known by its local Arabic name Medinet Habu. As you enter the complex, the untouched hieroglyph reliefs on walls can be found everywhere. The astounding statues of Ramesses III, depictions of gods and battles, ruins of the royal palace and a temple dedicated to Amun-ra, an Egyptian goddess are some of the sights that never fail to impress the visitors.
One of the most important museums of Egypt, the Luxor Museum has a huge collection of relics and artefacts collected from the nearby archaeological sites which belong to several kingdoms that ruled the land. The rich collection of the museum include some really well preserved statues, ancient sand bricks, two royal mummies, items buried with king Tutankhamun, and a lot more.