Situated along the banks of river Nile, the city of Luxor is home to numerous historic sites and is often referred as the World’s greatest open-air museum. From magnificent sculptures…
Perhaps nothing in the world can match the beauty and elegance of the ancient Egyptian structures. Don’t believe us! Here is a look at some of the country’s most delightful ancient marvels.
Great Pyramids of Giza
Constructed between 2584 BC and 2561 BC, the Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the oldest and the largest structures in Egypt. It was built as a tomb for the 4th Dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu. For over 3800 years, this 146.5 m tall building was regarded as the tallest man-made structure in the world. Due to erosion and sand movement the present height of the pyramid has been reduced to 138.8 meters.
Great Sphinx of Giza
Built in 2500 BC, the Great Sphinx of Giza is the most prominent structure associated with ancient Egypt. Carved out of limestone, the massively famous sculpture is that of a mystical creature with lion’s head and human body. As per Egyptian mythology, the human head on a lion’s body symbolized power and might in ancient Egypt. Not surprisingly, it is the largest monolith statue and the oldest monumental sculpture in the world.
Lighthouse of Alexandria
Constructed between 280 and 247 BC, the Lighthouse of Alexandria was regarded one of the tallest man-made structures in the world for many centuries. Located on a tiny limestone island, this popular lighthouse was designed by Greek architect, Sostratus of Cnidus. The Lighthouse of Alexandria is undoubtedly one of the most famous tourist attractions in Egypt, visited by travellers from across the world.
Valley of the Kings
Standing on the west bank of the River Nile, the Valley of the Kings is another ancient wonder of the country. Built as burial grounds for the pharaohs and the powerful nobles of New Kingdom of ancient Egypt, the valley features more than 63 tombs and chambers including the famous tomb for Tutankhamun and Ramesses the Great. The place has been of great interest among archaeologists and historians.
Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut
Located at the head of the Valley of the Kings, Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut is one of the most beautiful of all ancient temples in Egypt. Constructed over a period of 15 years, the mortuary temple is dedicated to the sun god Amun. Interestingly, the temple is considered closest to the classic Egyptian architecture. Much to the delight of the visitors, the temple features numerous paintings and art illustrations depicting the rich historical legacy of the country.
Karnak Temple Complex
Karnak Temple Complex is one of the most revered ancient ruined temples found in Egypt. The ancient structure features a vast mix of broken temples, chapels and pylons, and was the main place of worship for kings of the 18th Dynasty. Along with architects and historians who visit to study the structure and design of the temple, Karnak Temple Complex witnesses a steady stream of regular tourists.