Built during the reign of Egypt’s Fourth Dynasty (c. 2600-2500), the Pyramids of Giza are amongst the world’s oldest surviving manmade structures. These pyramids have always been a source of mystery. The ingenious architecture and brilliant technology have even prompted some to say that common mortals of so early an era could not have built these. Well, we can’t comment on that but we can definitely help you know these structures better. So, here goes!
Great Pyramid (Pyramid of Cheops or Pyramid of Khufu)
Giza’a Great Pyramid, also known as the Pyramid of Cheops is a globally famed monument. The enormous pyramid stuns one with its gigantic dimensions. While the vertical height is 137.2 metres, the base measures 227.5 metres. After all, it is said that 100,000 men poured their efforts into building it over a period of three months every year. The interiors are somewhat spooky.
Solar Boat Museum
This museum exhibits a 4,500 year old boat made of cedar wood. The interesting thing is that it came to light only in 1954 during the course of excavations on the east and south sides of the Pyramid of Cheops. These excavations revealed five cavities for boats as well as more than 1,000 pieces of a broken Solar Barque. This barque was finally restored into the ship that is exhibited today.
The Western part of the Pyramid of Cheops is the final resting place of the members of the Royal House and high ranking state officials. It was established during the fourth Dynasty and remained in use until the sixth. The small columned-entrance Senegemib-Inti’s tomb decked with intricate wall carvings is located here.
There are three small pyramids on the Eastern side of the Pyramid of Cheops. These pyramids were built as tombs for the Pharaoh’s daughter and his queens. A large cemetery for the pharaoh’s other relatives are also part of the pyramids. The large mastabas on the South side belong to high ranking dignitaries.
Pyramid of Chephren (Pyramid of Khafre)
Built by Khafre, the son of Khufu, this pyramid is 135.5 metres tall but seems larger than the Great Pyramid. Well, that’s simply because it was built on higher ground. The original limestone casing on the pyramid’s apex has been largely preserved and one can also distinguish a mortuary temple’s layout on the Eastern side.
Pyramid of Mycerinus (Pyramid of Menkaure)
The Pyramid of Mycerinus (Pyramid of Menkaure) is made of huge blocks of limestone but has the distinction of being the smallest of the three main pyramids. This pyramid has a base measurement of 108 metres and a vertical height of 62 metres. There are three smaller unfinished pyramids on its southern side. These were meant for the Pharaoh’s relatives.